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Champagne only comes from Champagne, France
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Terroir & appellation

The Champagne terroir

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Geography of the Champagne vineyards

The Champagne production zone (AOC vineyard area) is defined and delimited by a law passed in 1927, encompassing roughly 34,000 hectares of vineyards.

Situation de la Champagne en France

Geographical location


It lies some 150 kilometres to the east of Paris, spreading across 320 villages (‘crus’) in five departments:

  • the Marne (66% of plantings),
  • Aube (23%),
  • Aisne (10%)
  • Haute-Marne and Seine-et-Marne.

Regional distribution of vineyards

There are four main growing areas:

  • The Montagne de Reims,
  • The Vallée de la Marne,
  • The Côte des Blancs
  • et The Côte des Bar.

Together these encompass nearly 278,000 plots of vines, each measuring roughly 18 ares (100 square metres). Seventeen villages have a traditional entitlement to Grand Cru ranking and 42 to Premier Cru ranking.

Map of Champagne vineyard area

  • porttorrent.com